Hindu Religious Festival Bijaya Dashami
Dashain or Baḍadashain (बडादशैँ) is a special festival or festival observed from Pratipada Dashami and then Kojagrat Purnima on Ashwin Shukla side. Dashain is known as Bada Dashain, Dashahara, Bijaya Dashami, Ayudh-Puja etc.
It is a four-day Mahaparva, especially Pholpati, Mahaashtami, Mahanavami and Bijayadashami, from Ashwin Shukla Saptami to Dashami. This is the biggest national festival of Nepalese people. Among them, Bijayadashami is the main day.
This festival is especially celebrate to commemorate the killing of Ravana, the abductor of Sita, by Shri Rama on this day in the Treta Yuga.
Since Shri Ram won victory over Ravana on Dashain day, Dashain is called as Vadadashai and Bijayadashami. Dashain is seen as the victory of truth over falsehood.
Bijayadashami is the festival of Shakti Puja which is celebrated as the victory of Lord Rama and Durga Puja.
It is a festival of joy and happiness and victory. Hindu culture is a worshiper of valor and a worshiper of bravery. Dashain festival started with the aim of showing bravery in the blood of individuals and society. It is a festival of great happiness.
How is Bijaya Dashami celebrated?
We celebrate Dashai with great enthusiasm as a great festival of Hindus. The festival of Badadasain is also enjoyed by playing Malasiri or Malashree tunes and singing songs. At this time, the atmosphere of meeting with friends and relatives who are abroad or far away is created.
The festival provides such a golden opportunity. It has a different kind of fun. Dakshina, Tika, Jamra and Ping are considered to have special meaning and importance in Dasha.
Since it is actually celebrated for ten days, this great festival of Hindus should be called Dashain.
During Dashain, nine forms of Navadurga (Shaktiswarupa Goddess Durga of Hinduism) Shailaputri, Vrahmacharani, Chandraghanta, Kushmanda, Skandamata, Katyayani, Kalaratri, Mahagauri and Siddhidhatri are specially worshiped.
This new form of Navadurga Bhavani is worshiped for nine days from Ashwin Shuklapaksha Pratipradaka day to Mahanavami day.
On the tenth day of Bijayadashami, on the occasion of Bhagwati’s victory over demon(Rakshak) Shakti and Rama’s victory over Ravana, Navadurga Bhavani is celebrated by wearing red tika, jamara and giving blessings.
Relatives who come from far away take tika and blessings till the Purnima.
Phoolpati is the seventh day of Navratri.
On the seventh day of Navaratri, nine types of pallavas such as betel leaves, rice husks, pomegranates, ginger plants, kachu, sugarcane, bananas etc. are brought into the house.
Farmers go to the fields on this day and worship the paddy with Chandan, akshata and flowers and bring the paddy stalks and plants home.
Also, on this day, flowers brought from Dashaighar of Gorkha Darbar are brought into Hanuman Dhoka Darbar.
Special worship of Mahakali-Bhadrakali is performed on Mahashtami, the eighth day of Navratri.
People sacrifice goats, chickens, ducks, etc. to Navadurga, their respective goddesses, gods and local deities. Vegetarians offer fruits such as coconut, kuvindo, banana, ghiraula, etc.
The night between Mahaashtami and Mahanavami is considered Kalaratri and Gupta Puja is performed throughout the night.
On Mahanavami, the ninth day of Navratri, especially Siddhidhatri Devi is worshipped.
Vishwakarma Puja is also performed on this day in the morning by offering sacrifices to Kalpoorja, weapons and vehicles etc. On this day, in addition to other pujas, especially young girls from two years to ten years are also worshiped.
The tenth day of Navratri is called Bijayadashami. This is a special day of Dashain.
On this day, blessings are taken from the elders of the house along with Tika, Jamra and Dakshina as Prasad of Nava Durga Bhagwati.
Asish means blessings. The goodwill held by respected people for their advancement, progress, and longevity.
In Dashain, blessings are often given by people who are older than themselves. This indicates that one should have respect for the respected person.
It also means that the blessings given by respected people are useful for us.
Also, elders should give proper guidance to younger ones. This is also a message that the right rituals should be given.
The blessing given to a man on Dashain is as follows-
“Ayu Dronasute Sriyo Dasharthe Shatrukshayam Raghave.
Aishwarya Nahushe Gatisch Pawane Manach Duryodhane.
Dan suryasute balan haldhare satyancha kuntisute.
Vigyan Vidure Bhavantu Bhavat Kirtish Narayane.”
The blessing given to women on Dashain is as follows:-
“Jayanti Mangala Kali Bhadrakali Kapalini
Durga Shiva Kshama Dhatri Swaha Swadha Namotstu te.”